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14th Amendment – Brief History Sat. Oct 1, 9:30 AM, Rock Creek Nature Center

The Rock Creek Civil War Roundtable

October 1, 2016

9:30 A.M.

Rock Creek Park Nature Center

5200 Glover Road, N.W., Washington, DC

* Presents *

A Brief History of the Fourteenth Amendment

to the United States Constitution

by John Hampton

Following the return of southern Democratic political leaders to Washington and President Andrew Johnson’s veto of the Civil Rights Act of 1866, the Radical Republican majority in the U.S. Congress sought to preserve the gains from the Union’s Civil War victory. The Joint Committee on Reconstruction drafted a proposed constitutional amendment resolving in one stroke the key issues of contention between northern Republicans and southern Democrats. Key among many provisions, the proposed amendment would:

· Grant Citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the U.S;

· Limit state sovereignty and prohibit states from abridging the constitutional privileges and immunities of U.S. Citizens;

· Allocate state congressional representation based on the count of the whole number of persons;

· Prohibit, save by 2/3rds approval of the Congress, former C.S.A. officials and military officers from holding any public office in the federal or state governments; and

· Authorize the Supreme Court and the Congress to protect and enforce the Constitution;

After bitter bi-partisan contention, the adoption of the 1867 Reconstruction Acts, military occupation of the south and the re-establishment of southern state governments, in July 1868 the Fourteenth Amendment became law. Between 1873 and 1954 the Supreme Court decided over 200 cases, with wide ranging and contradictory interpretations of the Fourteenth Amendment. In this October 1st presentation Mr. Hampton will briefly trace the Supreme Court’s evolving interpretation of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U. S. Constitution.

Note: Mr. Hampton was the first convener of the Rock Creek Civil War Roundtable.

Loretta Neumann, President

Alliance to Preserve the Civil War Defenses of Washington

7124 Piney Branch Road NW

Washington, DC 20012

(202) 882-9274

www.dccivilwarforts.org

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